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What Can Cause Discomfort in the Mouth in Children?

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As children are growing up, discomfort in the roof of the mouth can be a common oral health issue. Several factors can cause these symptoms, including infections, allergies, sores, orthodontic problems, and trauma, and understanding the causes is important to provide proper care and prevent further complications.

How Should a Healthy Mouth Roof Look?

A healthy upper mouth, also called the “palate,” should be light pink, have a smooth texture, and not have any sores or lesions. A children’s emergency dentist can help you understand what a healthy palate looks like and the various factors that can affect its appearance. If your child is complaining about discomfort in the roof of the mouth, you should first attempt to visually inspect their mouth for some of the following factors:

Color: A healthy mouth should be a light pink color. Any changes in color, such as redness, can indicate a problem, such as an infection or injury.

Texture: The palate should be smooth and free of bumps or rough patches. Any changes in surface, such as the development of lumps or bumps, can indicate problems like growths or lesions.

Lesions: Lesions are also referred to as sores and blisters. Blistering of the palate can be the result of burns from hot food or drinks, while the presence of pus or symptoms can indicate infection. If you notice lesions or blisters in your child’s mouth, it’s important to seek medical attention.

Pain: A healthy palate should generally be free of pain or discomfort. If your child complains about pain in the mouth with no visible cause, it’s important to schedule an appointment with a family dentist for a thorough evaluation.

Good oral hygiene: Maintaining good oral hygiene is an important part of maintaining a healthy palate. Brushing your teeth twice a day, flossing daily, and visiting your dentist regularly can help keep your mouth healthy and prevent the development of oral health problems.

Mouth Discomfort Symptom and Causes

Discomfort in the palate in children is a common issue that can be caused by a variety of factors. This sensation can feel like a sharp, dull, or burning pain—or may simply feel as though something is “wrong” in the area. Below are some of the most common symptoms and causes:

Mouth Ulcers

Mouth ulcers, also known as canker sores, are small, painful sores that can occur in soft tissues inside the mouth. They are caused by a variety of factors, including stress, injury, or food allergies. Children and adults who suffer from mouth ulcers may experience discomfort or pain when eating or talking.


Infections, such as colds, flu, or tonsillitis, can cause inflammation of the roof of the mouth, resulting in pain and discomfort.


Burns, either from hot food or drinks, are especially common in young children who may eat or drink hot foods or drinks before they have adequately cooled. In these cases, the immediate pain is usually accompanied by redness and swelling in the affected area and a “numb” sensation for hours or potentially days afterward.


Children and adults who suffer from allergies may experience itching or tingling in the roof of their mouth after exposure to an allergen, such as pollen or pet dander. Allergic reactions can also cause other symptoms, such as sneezing, or a runny nose.

Dry Mouth

This condition occurs when the mouth does not produce enough saliva, which can be caused by various factors, such as dehydration, medications, or medical conditions. A dry mouth can cause a burning or stinging sensation in the palate or the throat and may also lead to other symptoms, such as bad breath, tooth decay, and even eventual tooth loss.

What are The Options for Treating Pain in The Roof of The Mouth?

Many children may experience pain or discomfort in the roof of the mouth, causing significant annoyance and disruption to daily activities. Below are some common treatments that parents can try at home to help alleviate their child’s symptoms.

Over-the-counter pain relief medications, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, can help reduce pain and discomfort in the roof of the mouth, especially in the case of mouth ulcers or burns. Be sure to ask your family dentist about which medications are safe for your child’s specific symptoms.

Topical treatments, such as creams or gels, can be applied directly to the affected area to reduce pain. These treatments can also help soothe the skin and prevent infections.

Home remedies: There are also several home remedies that can help reduce mouth pain—such as rinsing with salt water or applying a cold compress. These remedies are often simple, inexpensive, and can be performed at home.

Medical treatments: In some cases, medical treatments may be necessary. For example, antibiotics may be prescribed for infections, or a doctor may recommend surgery to remove a growth or lesion. Dentists in Champagne Pediatric Dentistry can help determine the best treatment options for your specific case.

For children, discomfort or pain in the roof of the mouth can be caused by a range of factors and can have a significant impact on daily life. With the right treatment and care, it is possible to find relief and maintain good overall oral health. If your child is struggling with mouth pain, sensitivity, or other symptoms, Champagne Pediatric Dentistry can help! We have years of experience helping children with their oral health problems in a clinic that’s safe and comfortable. Call today and book an appointment!

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